Main Publications:

  1. (1)1957 Archeological Investigations at the Mouth of the Amazon (with C. Evans)

  1. (2)1962  Possible Transpacific Contact on the Coast of Ecuador (with E. Estrada and C. Evans), Science (New York, NY) 135 (3501), 371

  1. (3)1966   A Transpacific Contact in 3000 BC (with C. Evans), Scientific American, Vol. 214, p. 28-35

  1. (4)1969  Speculations on Early Pottery Diffusion Routes Between South and Middle America (with C. Evans), Biotropica, p. 20-27

  1. (5)1975  The Transpacific Origin of Mesoamerican Civilization: A Preliminary Review of the Evidence and Its Theoretical Implications, American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 77, No. 1, p. 1-27

Betty Jane Meggers (December 5, 1921 – July 2, 2012) was an American archaeologist best known for her work conducted in association with her husband, Cliff Evans, in South America.

Meggers graduated from the University of Pennsylvania with a Bachelor's degree in 1943 and went on to earn a Master's degree from the University of Michigan and a PhD from Columbia University.

Meggers research first began with the island of Marajo in the Amazon Basin and most of her other research has been concentrated on South America since then.

Meggers made many important contributions to the field of archaeology. Probably her best-known contribution was her controversial assertion of a pre-historic relationship between the peoples of North-Western South America and of Japan. Meggers suggested that there was a trans-Pacific cultural connection between East Asia and South America long ago based on similarities of pottery fragments found in Japan and Ecuador. She contended that Japanese Middle Jomon pottery was similar to ceramics from the Valdivia site in Ecuador — both dating between 2000 and 3000 B.C. Meggers also stated that plants, pathogens, and parasites of Japanese origin are found among Andean populations.