Dr. Gordon F. Ekholm (1909-1987), was a Curator Emeritus of anthropology at the American Museum of Natural History and an authority on pre-Columbian archeology of Mexico and Central America.

Ekholm did extensive graduate studies in anthropology at Harvard University, where he earned master's and doctoral degrees.

Ekholm participated in and headed many archaeological expeditions to Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and Belize. In 1949, Dr. Ekholm displayed at the museum a graphic and detailed exhibition showing parallels between advanced cultures in southern and eastern Asia and the Mayan civilization, which flowered between 300 and 900, and suggesting that the Mayans' forebears had migrated across the Pacific. The theory was a major focus of his career.

After retiring in 1974, he became Curator Emeritus and continued consulting on museum projects.



Main Publications:

  1. (1)1942    Excavations at Guasave, Sinola, Mexico, New York, The American Museum of Natural History, Vo. 38, pt. 2;

  2. (2)1951     Significant parallels in the Symbolic Arts of Southern Asia and Middle America (with Robert Heine-Geldern), Chicago, The University of Chicago Press;

  3. (3)1964    Archeology of Northern Mesoamerica, with Ignacio B. Ekholm);

  4. (4)1966    Archeological Frontiers and External Connections (Handbook of Middle American Indians, Vol. 4, with G. Willey and R. Wauchope);

  5. (5)1970    Ancient Mexico and Central America, New York, The American Museum of Natural History